????“很多中国企业高管和政府官员仍在为几项对美投资引发的政治争议和遭遇的监管阻力而感到沮丧，”私募股权公司凯雷投资集团（Carlyle Group）的董事总经理马鼎文在一份政策备忘录中写道。习近平访问美国前夕，这份政策备忘录由美国外交协会（Council of Foreign Relations）出版。马鼎文还说，中国企业高管经常提到中国海洋石油有限公司（Chinese National Offshore Oil Corporation）收购加州优尼科石油公司（Unocal Oil Company）失败的记忆，后者最终于2005年被雪佛龙（Chevron）收购。
????Ireland's public finances became so disastrous that it almost went bankrupt less than two years ago. But it still has a thing or two to teach the U.S. As the island nation tries to recover after being rescued with a multi-billion dollar international bailout, Ireland is welcoming Chinese investors.
????On Monday, Xi Jinping, who's expected to be China's next president, ended a three-day visit to Ireland. It was the only European Union country he visited on his world tour, which included a stop in the U.S. last week and continued with a visit to Turkey this week. And his visit came only days before Europe's ongoing debt crisis, in particular Greece's financial woes, drove a slew of heavy losses across the European banking sector.
????Ireland is positioning itself to become China's gateway into doing more business in Europe. Though in the past the Celtic Tiger looked mostly to developed economies including the U.S. and Britain for potential investors, officials are now focusing more on emerging markets that aren't nearly as saddled with debt. And China appears at the top of the list.
????"We had very fruitful discussion in our meeting, and we also concluded a number of important memoranda of understanding between Ireland and China in the areas of investment, education and business," Irish Prime Minister Enda Kenny said.
????The tone is far different from that of the U.S., where officials greeted Xi's stop last week with hesitation and a list of grievances, ranging from China's artificially depressed currency to human rights abuses. During a toast at a State Department lunch, Vice President Joe Biden declared the U.S. could cooperate with China "only if the game is fair." His remarks come as the U.S. hardened its language toward China in recent months amid an election year.
????Needless to say, such concerns aren't something to ignore, but the rhetoric does little to encourage Chinese companies to pour investments into the U.S.
????"Many Chinese executives and government officials remain frustrated by the political controversy or regulatory resistance engendered by a few investments," wrote David Marchick, a managing director with private equity firm Carlyle Group, in a policy memo published by the Council of Foreign Relations ahead of Xi's U.S. stop. Marchick added that Chinese executives often point to memories of Chinese National Offshore Oil Corporation's failed attempt to acquire California-based Unocal Oil Company, which Chevron (CVX) acquired in 2005.
????"Consequently, many Chinese executives believe the United States is unwelcoming of Chinese investment, even though the vast majority of Chinese investments in the United States have either been approved or have not required any approval," he notes.
????To be sure, Chinese investments into the U.S. have steadily risen over the years as the East Asian giant opens its economic doors. In 2011, the world's second-largest economy invested about $5 billion into the U.S., according to preliminary tallies by New York City-based economic research and advisory firm Rhodium Group. Research Director Thilo Hanemann notes that this is about the same level as the previous year, perhaps slightly less. The flat figure doesn't necessarily imply that China views the U.S. as any less attractive, but rather that investments in Europe has carried greater momentum.